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Title: Suhrawardy and the ‘Great Calcutta Killing’: Revisiting the Episode and its Consequences
Other Titles: Karatoya, NBU J. Hist. Vol 11, March 2018, p 131 - 152
Authors: Bhattacharjee, Dhananjoy
Keywords: Suhrawardy
Direct Action Day
Great Calcutta Killing
Muslim League
Hindu Mahasabha
Issue Date: Mar-2018
Publisher: University of North Bengal
Abstract: Soon after the installation of the League Ministry headed by H.S. Suhrawardy in Bengal, the Cabinet Mission announced its draft plan on 16 May 1946 rejecting the Muslim League’s demand for ‘Pakistan’ which prompted the League Council to give a clarion call to all the Muslims to go for ‘Direct Action’ for achieving ‘Pakistan’. Following the Council’s decision, Suhrawardy, the Bengal Premier-cum Home Minister, came forward to observe the ‘Direct Action Day’ on 16 August 1946 declaring a public holiday on that day which brought disastrous consequences in Calcutta as the city witnessed communal riot, blood-shed and a ‘reign of terror’ for four days. The entire episode vitiated Bengal politics, embittered Hindu-Muslim relationship and intensified communal tension which altogether made the partition inevitable in 1947.
ISSN: 2229-4880
Appears in Collections:Karatoya Vol.11 (March 2018)

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