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Title: Need for Scientific Analysis of the Theory of Interest in Consideration of Bail
Other Titles: Indian Journal of Law and Justice, Vol. 13 No. 01, March 2022, pp 172 - 191
Authors: Devi, Mridula
Gope, Sumita
Keywords: interest theory
personal liberty
Issue Date: Mar-2022
Publisher: University of North Bengal
Abstract: The concepts of crime and society are correlated. It must be noted that the notion of crime encompasses the concept of bail or provisional release. When a person is suspected of committing a crime and is detained by the court, she/he may be released on bail. However, the grant or denial of bail hinges on the equilibrium required between conflicting interests, that is the need for an individual’s personal liberty and the interest of society. Historically, the concept of bail and interest emerges from the clash between the state’s power to restrict or deprive the liberty of a man — who may have allegedly committed a crime — and the presumption of innocence or guilt in their favour. In this regard, there have been a number of international as well as national cases, which contend that there should be an appropriate balance between preserving the right to liberty of the individual and the interest of the state in granting bail or provisional release. Hence, the law relating to bail is meant to balance these two conflicting interests viz. the presumption of innocence of the accused and the need to protect the society from the acts of those committing crimes. Further, the law of bail is instituted under the right to personal liberty, under Article 21 of the Indian Constitution. This provides for a legal procedure that is guided by the tenets of natural justice. Therefore, the law relating to bail needs to be interpreted in synthesis with constitutional goals and mandates. In a constitutionally controlled criminal justice system, criminal jurisprudence has sought a balance between the liberty of the accused and the collective interest of the society. In this respect, this paper is an endeavour to study the need for a scientific analysis of the theory of interest in consideration of bail.
ISSN: 0976-3570
Appears in Collections:Vol.13 No. 01 (March 2022)

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