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Title: ROS production, H2O2 detection and biochemical characterization of water stressed wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties
Other Titles: NBU Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol.6, No.1 (March 2012) p 63-70
Authors: Pradhan, B.
Chakraborty, U.
Keywords: Antioxidative enzymes
Lipid peroxidation
Issue Date: Mar-2012
Publisher: University of North Bengal
Abstract: One month old plant of four varieties (MW, KD, GY and GN) of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) was taken and subjected to water stress for 3, 6 and 9 days. RWC was found to be higher in case of GY and KD when compared to MW and GY. There was an initial enhancement in the activities of all five tested antioxidative enzymes- peroxidase, ascorbate peroxidase, catalase, glutathione reductase and superoxide dismutase in K and GN varieties, while in MW and GY, the activity of catalase and superoxide dismutase showed a decline at all periods of water stress. Peroxidase and glutathione reductase activities increased even on 9th day of stress in K and GN, but all other activities showed a decline after 3 days of stress. The accumulation of H202, showed an increase with increasing days of water stress but in K and GN there was a decline during prolonged water stress. Lipid peroxidation increased significantly which was higher in case of MW and GY. With increase in the duration of water stress proline, phenol and ascorbate content increased. Higher values of MSI and total antioxidant were observed in the cultivar KD and GY with increase in the severity of water stress than in MW and GY. After an initial enhancement the content of carotenoid increased followed by a decline. Total chlorophylls showed a general decline during water stress, but the ratio of chla/b showed an initial increase in the 3rd day of water stress which declined during the latter stages of water stress. Results of the present study indicate that two of the varieties- MW and GY are susceptible to water stress, while the other two-K and GN is tolerant.
ISSN: 0974-6927
Appears in Collections:NBU Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol.6, No.1 (March 2012)

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